Standards, policies and model laws

Criminal and juvenile records

Model Law on Non-Conviction Records (2019)

Model legislation with reporters from the Collateral Consequences Resource Center and an advisory group of lawyers, judicial officials, lawmakers, academics, policy experts, and advocates. 

Sealing/Expunging Arrest and Conviction Records

Model legislation from the Legal Action Center

ABA Model Act Governing the Confidentiality and Expungement of Juvenile Delinquency Records (2015)

Model legislation from the American Bar Association

Collateral consequences

Model Penal Code: Sentencing, §§ 6.03, 6.04 (“Deferred Prosecution” and “Deferred Adjudication”) Article 7 (“Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction”) (2017)  

Model legislation from the American Law Institute

Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act (2010)

Model legislation from the Uniform Law Commission

ABA Standards for Criminal Justice: Collateral Sanctions and Discretionary Disqualification of Convicted Persons (2004)

Standards for attorneys and the judiciary published by the American Bar Association

Employment and occupational licensing

Model Collateral Consequences in Occupational Licensing Act (2018)

Model legislation from the Institute for Justice

Model State Law (Removing Barriers to State Occupational Licenses for People with Records) (2016)

Model Legislation from the National Employment Law Project

Best Practices and Model Fair-Chance Policies (including “ban the box”) (2015)

Model Legislation from the National Employment Law Project

Beyond the Box: Increasing Access to Higher Education for Justice-Involved Individuals (2016)

2016 report and guidance from the U.S. Department of Education

What Employment Background Screening Companies Need to Know About the Fair Credit Reporting Act (2016)

2016 guidance from the Federal Trade Commission

EEOC Enforcement Guidance (2012)

Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964


Application of Fair Housing Act Standards to the Use of Criminal Records by Providers of Housing and Real Estate-Related Transactions (2016)

2016 guidance from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

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