Books and academic articles

The cited works below offer an academic perspective on a wide range of topics, and are organized by category.

Collateral Consequences in General

Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction: Law Policy & Practice

Margaret Colgate Love, Jenny Roberts & Wayne A. Logan (NACDL/West, 4th ed. 2020-2021)

Digital Punishment: Privacy, Stigma, and the Harms of Data-Driven Criminal Justice

Sarah Lageson (Oxford University Press 2020)

Beyond Punishment? A Normative Account of the Collateral Legal Consequences of Conviction

Zachary Hoskins (Oxford University Press 2019)

Prisoners of Politics: Breaking the Cycle of Mass Incarceration

Rachel Elise Barkow (Harvard University Press 2019)

Locked In: The True Causes of Mass Incarceration-and How to Achieve Real Reform

John F. Pfaff (Basic Books 2017)

The Eternal Criminal Record

James B. Jacobs (Harvard University Press 2015)

But They All Come Back: Facing the Challenges of Prisoner Reentry

Jeremy Travis (Urban Institute Press 2005)

Invisible Punishment: The Collateral Consequences of Mass Imprisonment

Meda Chesney-Lind & Marc Mauer, eds. (The New Press 2003)

Are Collateral Consequences Deserved?

Brian Murray, 95 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1031 (2020)

Gundy and the Civil-Criminal Divide

Jenny Roberts, Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 17, No. 207 (2019)

Third-Class Citizenship: The Escalating Legal Consequences of Committing a ‘Violent’ Crime

Michael M. O’Hear, 109 J. CRIMINAL LAW & CRIMINOLOGY 165 (2019)

Transcending the Stigma of a Criminal Record: A Proposal to Reform State Bar Character and Fitness Evaluations

Tarra Simmons, 128 Yale L.J. Forum 759 (Feb. 2019)

The Effort to Reform the Federal Criminal Justice System

Shon Hopwood, 128 Yale L.J. Forum 791 (Feb. 2019)

Wrongful Collateral Consequences

Abigail E. Horn, 87 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 315 (2019)

Collateral Consequences and Criminal Justice: Future Policy and Constitutional Directions

Gabriel J. Chin, 102 Marq. L. Rev. 233 (2018)

The Collateral Consequence Conundrum: Comparative Genealogy, Current Trends, and Future Scenarios

Alessandro Corda, in After Imprisonment, Studies in Law, Politics and Society, Vol. 77, Emerald Publishing Limited (2018), pp. 69-97

Symposium: Managing Collateral Consequences in the Information Age

30 Fed. Sent. Rept. No. 4-5 (April/June 2018)

Forgiving, Forgetting, and Forgoing: Legislative Experiments in Restoring Rights and Status

Margaret Colgate Love, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 231 (2018)

Beyond Totem and Taboo: Toward a Narrowing of American Criminal Record Exceptionalism

Alessandro Corda, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 241 (2018)

Relief from a Criminal Conviction in North Carolina: Forgetting, Forgiving, and Forgoing

John Rubin, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 267 (2018)

Nevada Enacts Sweeping Criminal Justice Reform, with an Eye Toward Collateral Consequences

Tick Segerblom & Nicolas Anthony, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 273 (2018)

Building a Functioning Framework for Reentry and Restoration of Rights: Lessons from California’s “Mystery House”

Eliza Hersh & Gabriel J. Chin, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 283 (2018)

American Exceptionalism in Community Supervision

Alessandro Corda & Michelle S. Phelps, APPA-PERSPECTIVES, Spring 2017, pp. 20-27

The Collateral Consequences of Acquittal

Benjamin D. Geffen, 20 U.Penn. J. L. & Social Change 1 (2017)

The Reintegrative State

Joy Radice, 66 Emory L.J. 1314 (2017)

The President’s Role in Advancing Criminal Justice Reform

Barack Obama, 130 Harv. L. Rev. 811, 838 (2017)

Designed to Fail: The President’s Deference to the Department of Justice in Advancing Criminal Justice Reform

Rachel E. Barkow & Mark Osler, 59 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 387 (2017)

Leading with Conviction: The Transformative Role of Formerly Incarcerated Leaders in Reducing Mass Incarceration

Susan P. Sturm & Haran Tae, Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-547 (2017)

Legal Aid with Conviction: How to Combat Barriers to Reentry by Using the Law

Vidhi Sanghavi Joshi, Shriver Center (June 2017)

Can We Forgive Those Who Batter? Proposing an End to the Collateral Consequences of Civil Domestic Violence Cases

Joann Sahl, 100 Marq. L. Rev. 527 (2017)

Collateral Consequences

Gabriel J. Chin, in Academy for Justice, A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform, vol. 4 at 371 (Erik Luna ed., 2017)

Judicial Challenges to the Collateral Impact of Criminal Convictions: Is True Change in the Offing?

Nora Demleitner, 90 N.Y.U. L. Rev. Online 36 (2016)

American Criminal Record Exceptionalism

Kevin Lapp, 14 Ohio St. J. Crim. Law 303 (2016)

Revealing the Hidden Sentence: How to Add Legitimacy, Purpose, and Transparency to ‘Collateral’ Punishment Policy

Joshua Kaiser, Harvard Law & Policy Review 10(1):123-184 (2016)

We Know It When We See It: The Increasingly Tenuous Line between ‘Direct Punishment’ and ‘Collateral Consequences’”

Joshua Kaiser, Howard Law Journal 59(2):341-372 (2016)

When Mercy Seasons Justice: Interstate Recognition of Ex-Offender Rights

Wayne A. Logan, 29 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 1 (2015)

Arrests as Regulation

Eisha Jain, 67 Stan. L. Rev. 809 (2015)

Civil Disabilities in an Era of Diminished Privacy: A Disability Approach for the Use of Criminal Records in Hiring

Andrew Elmore, 64 DuPaul L. Rev. 991 (2015)

Street Vendors, Taxicabs, and Exclusion Zones: The Impact of Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions at the Local Level

Amy P. Meek, 75 Ohio St. L.J. 1 (2014)

Informal Collateral Consequences

Wayne Logan, 88 Wash. L. Rev. 1103 (2013)

Beyond the Sentence – Understanding Collateral Consequences

Sarah B. Berson, NIJ Journal (May 2013)

Casual Ostracism: Jury Exclusion on the Basis of Criminal Convictions

Anna Roberts, 98 Minn. L. Rev. 592 (2013)

Ex-offenders face tens of thousands of legal restrictions, bias and limits on their rights

Lorelei Laird, ABA Journal (June 1, 2013)

The New Civil Death: Rethinking Punishment in the Era of Mass Conviction

Gabriel J. Chin, 160 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1789 (2012)

What’s in a Name? A Lot if the Name is “Felon

Margaret Love, The Crime Report (March 13, 2012)

Administering Justice: Removing Statutory Barriers to Reentry

Joy Radice, 83 U. Colo. L. Rev. 715 (2012)

Paying their Debt to Society: Forgiveness, Redemption, and the Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act

Margaret Colgate Love, 54 How. L.J. 753 (2011)

The Collateral Consequences of Padilla v. Kentucky: Is Forgiveness Now Constitutionally Required?

Margaret Colgate Love, 160 U. Penn. L. Rev. Pennumbra 113 (2011)

Collateral Consequences After Padilla v. Kentucky: From Punishment to Regulation

Margaret Colgate Love, 31 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 87 (2011)

The Expanding Scope, Use and Availability of Criminal Records

James B. Jacobs & Tamara Crepet, 11 N.Y.U. J. Legis. & Pub. Policy 177 (2008)

Alternatives to Conviction: Deferred Adjudication as a Way of Avoiding Collateral Consequences

Margaret Colgate Love, 22 Fed. Sent. Rep. 6 (2009)

Mass Incarceration and the Proliferation of Criminal Records

James B. Jacobs, 3 St. Thomas L. Rev. 387 (2006)

An Integrated Perspective on the Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions and Reentry Issues Faced by Formerly Incarcerated Individuals

Michael Pinard, 86 Boston U. L. Rev. 623 (2006)

The Case for Treating Ex-Offenders As A Suspect Class

Ben Geiger, Comment, 94 Cal. L. Rev. 1191 (2006)

Holistic is Not a Bad Word: A Criminal Defense Attorney’s Guide to Using Invisible Punishments as an Advocacy Strategy

McGregor Smyth, 36 U. Tol. L. Rev. 479 (2005)

Navigating the Hidden Obstacles to Ex-Offender Reentry

Anthony Thompson, 45 B. C. L. Rev. 255 (2004)

Invisible Punishment: An Instrument of Social Exclusion

Jeremy Travis, from Invisible Punishment: The Collateral Consequences of Mass Imprisonment (The New Press 2003)

Preventing Internal Exile: The Need for Restrictions on Collateral Sentencing Consequences

Nora V. Demleitner, 11 Stan. L. & Pol’y Rev. 153 (1999)

Drug-Related Offenses

Marijuana Legalization and Expungement in Early 2021

David Schlussel, Ohio State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 613, Drug Enforcement and Policy Center & Collateral Consequences Resource Center (2021)

Erasing Evidence of Historic Injustice: The Cannabis Criminal Records Expungement Paradox

Julie E. Steiner, B.U. L. Rev. 1203 (2021)

Ensuring Marijuana Reform Is Effective Criminal Justice Reform

Douglas A. Berman & Alex Kreit, Ariz. St. L.J., forthcoming (2021)

Learning from Recent State Drug Sentencing Reform Efforts

Douglas A. Berman & Steven L. Chanenson, 31 Fed. Sent. Rept. 169 (2019)

Leveraging Marijuana Reform to Enhance Expungement Practices

Douglas A. Berman, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 305 (2018)

“The Mellow Pot-Smoker”: White Individualism in Marijuana Legalization Campaigns

David Schlussel, 105 Calif. L. Rev. 885 (2017)

Cannabis Expungement Statutes

Alana Rosen, 60 The Judges Journal 33 (2021).

Employment, Licensure, Housing, Voting Rights

Criminal Justice Contact and Indebtedness in Young Adulthood: Investigating the Potential Role of State-level Hidden Sentences

Warner, Cody, Jason Houle, and Joshua Kaiser. 2021. Social Currents

Locked out of the Labor Market? State-level Hidden Sentences and the Labor Market Outcomes of Recently Incarcerated Young Adults

Warner, Cody, Joshua Kaiser, and Jason Houle, Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 6(1):132-151 (2020)

Does “Ban the Box” Help or Hurt Low-Skilled Workers? – Statistical Discrimination and Employment Outcomes When Criminal Histories are Hidden

Jennifer Doleac & Benjamin Hansen (2018)

Unmarked? Criminal Record Clearing and Employment Outcomes

Jeffrey Selbin, Justin McCrary & Joshua Epstein, 108 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 1 (2018)

An Analysis of Certificates of Rehabilitation in the United States

Wesley McCann, Melissa A. Kowalski, Craig Hemmens & Mary K. Stohr, Corrections (2018)

Beyond the Box: Safeguarding Employment for Arrested Employees

Shelle Shimizu, 128 Yale L.J. Forum 226 (Oct. 2018)

Criminal Employment Law

Benjamin Levin, 39 Cardozo L. Rev. 2265 (2018)

Criminal Record Questions in the Era of “Ban the Box”

Mike Vuolo, Sarah Lageson & Christopher Uggen, 16 Criminology & Public Policy 139 (2017)

Ban the Box, Convictions, and Public Sector Employment

Terry-Ann Craigie (2017)

Recognizing Redemption: Old Criminal Records and Employment Outcomes

Peter Leasure & Tia Stevens Andersen, N.Y.U. Rev. L. & Soc. Change, The Harbinger, Vol. 41 (2016), pp. 271-286

Ban the Box, Criminal Records, and Statistical Discrimination: A Field Experiment

Amanda Agan & Sonja Starr, Univ. of Mich. Law & Econ. Research Paper No. 16-012 (2016)

The Effectiveness of Certificates of Relief as Collateral Consequence Relief Mechanisms: An Experimental Study

Peter Leasure & Tia Stevens Andersen, Yale L. & Pol’y Rev. Inter Alia, Vol. 35 (11/7/2016)

Legislating Forgiveness: A Study of Post-Conviction Certificates as Policy to Address the Employment Consequences of a Conviction

Heather Garretson, B.U. Pub. Int. L.J. (2016)

No Woman No Crime: Ban the Box, Employment, and Upskilling

Daniel Shoag & Stan Veuger, HKS Working Paper No. 16-015 (2016)

Collateral Damage: A Public Housing Consequences of the ‘War on Drugs’

Lahny Silva, 5 U.C. Irvine L. Rev. 783 (2015)

Is employment discrimination against ex-offenders immoral?

James Jacobs, Compilation of posts on discrimination against those with criminal records from the Volokh Conspiracy blog (Feb. 2015)

Criminal Histories in Public Housing

Lahny Silva, Wis. L. Rev., Vol. 5, No. 4 (2015)

Adverse Employment Consequences Triggered by Criminal Conviction: Recent Cases Interpret State Statutes Prohibiting Discrimination

Christine Neylon O’Brien & Jonathan J. Darrow, 42 Wake Forest L. Rev. 991 (2007)

The Somewhat Suspect Class: Towards a Constitutional Framework for Evaluating Occupational Restrictions Affecting People with Criminal Records

Miriam J. Aukerman, 7 J.L. Soc’y 18 (2005)

Boxed Into a Corner: The Fight to Ban Employers from Boxing out Deserving Job Applicants on the Basis of Criminal Record

Mariah Daly, In the Drug Enforcement and Policy Center (2020)

Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice

Locking Up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America

James Forman Jr. (Farrar, Straus and Giroux 2017)

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Color-Blindness

Michelle Alexander (The New Press 2010)

Statistical (and Racial) Discrimination, ‘Banning the Box’, and Crime Rates

Murat C. Mungan, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 17-13 (2017)

Reclaiming the Importance of the Defendant’s Testimony: Prior Conviction Impeachment and the Fight Against Implicit Stereotyping

Anna Roberts, 83 U. Chi. L. Rev. 835 (2016)

Beyond Title VII: Rethinking Race, Ex-Offender Status, and Employment Discrimination in the Information Age

Kimani Paul-Emile, 100 Va. L. Rev. 893 (2014)

Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Confronting Issues of Race and Dignity

Michael Pinard, 85 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 457 (2010)

Juvenile Offenses

The Juvenile Record Myth

Joy Radice, 106 Georgetown L. J. 365 (2018)

Collateral Consequences of Juvenile Court Involvement

Hillela Simpson & Serena Holthe, 2018 Clearinghouse Rev. 1 (2018)

Criminological Perspective on Juvenile Sex Offender Policy

Franklin E. Zimring, in The Safer Society Handbook of Assessment and Treatment with Adolescents Who Have Sexually Abused (2017)

A Comparative Study on the Juvenile Criminal Records Sealing System Between China and the United States

Yifan Wu, 496 Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research 375 (2020)

Collateral Consequences of Misdemeanors

Punishment Without Crime: How Our Massive Misdemeanor System Traps the Innocent and Makes America More Unequal

Alexandra Natapoff (Basic Books 2018)

Misdemeanorland: Criminal Courts and Social Control in an Age of Broken Windows Policing

Issa Kohler-Hausmann (Princeton University Press 2018)

The High Stakes of Low-Level Criminal Justice

Alexandra Natapoff, 128 Yale L.J. 1648 (2019)

Infamous Misdemeanors and the Grand Jury Clause

Gabriel “Jack” Chin & John Ormonde, 102 U. Minnesota L. Rev. 1911 (2018)

Informed Misdemeanor Sentencing

Jenny Roberts, 46 Hofstra L. Rev. 177 (2017)


Alexandra Natapoff, in Academy for Justice, A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform, vol. 1 at 71 (Erik Luna ed., 2017)

Misdemeanor Decriminalization

Alexandra Natapoff, 68 Vanderbilt L. Rev. 1055 (2015)

Crashing the Misdemeanor System

Jenny Roberts, 70 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1089 (2013)

Why Misdemeanors Matter: Defining Effective Advocacy in the Lower Criminal Courts

Jenny Roberts, 45 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 277 (2011)

Executive Clemency

Executive Clemency in the United States

Margaret Love, Oxford Research Encyclopedia (July 2018)

Pardon and Parole in Prohibition-Era New York: Discretionary Justice in the Administrative State

Carolyn Strange, Osgoode Hall Law Journal, Vol. 54(3) (2017)

Obama’s Clemency Legacy: An Assessment

Margaret Colgate Love, 29 Fed. Sent. Rept. 271 (2017)

Revitalizing the Clemency Process

Paul Larkin, 39 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 833 (2016)

Justice Department Administration of the President’s Pardon Power: A Case Study in Institutional Conflict of Interest

Margaret Love, 47 U. Tol. L. Rev. 89 (2015)

Reinvigorating the Federal Pardon Process: What the President Can Learn from the States

Margaret Colgate Love, 9 U. St. Thomas L. Rev. 730 (2013)

Governors! Seize the Law: A Call to Expand the Use of Pardons to Provide Relief from Deportation

Stacy Caplow, 22 B.U. Pub. Int.. L. J. 293 (2013)

Clemency in the State of Delaware: History and Proposals for Change

Lieutenant Governor Matthew Denn, 13 Del. L. Rev. 55 (2012)

The Twilight of the Pardon Power

Margaret Colgate Love, 100 J. Crim. L. & Criminology 1169 (2010)

Judicial Restoration of Rights as an Auxiliary to the Pardon Power

JaneAnne Murray, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 328 (2021)

The Municipal Pardon Power

Hayato Watanabe, The Municipal Pardon Power, 118 Mich. L. Rev. 687 (2020)

After Trump: Restoring Legitimacy to the Pardon Power

Margaret Colgate Love, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 285 (2021)

Transforming the Theater of Pardoning

Bernadette Meyler, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 293 (2021)

Donald Trump and the Clemency Process

Matthew Gluck and Jack Goldsmith, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 297 (2021)

Are Blanket Pardons Constitutional?

Frank O. Bowman, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 301 (2021)

Article II and the Pardon Power: Did the Framers Drop the Ball?

Daniel Kobil, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 307 (2021)

War Crime Pardons and Presidential (Self-) Restraint

Daniel Maurer, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 313 (2021)

Debevoise’s Holloway Project and “Second Looks” How Challenging One Discrete Racial Inequity in Federal Criminal Justice Can Help Produce Systemic Change

John Gleeson, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 319 (2021)

The Office of the Pardon Attorney: What Comes Next?

Jeffrey Crouch, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 337 (2021)

Record Relief

Newspaper Expungement

Brian Murray, 116 Nw. U. L. Rev. 68 (2021)

Expanding the Extraordinary: Expungements in Minnesota

Alena A. Simon, 39 LAW & INEQ. 411 (2021)

Retributive Expungement

Brian M. Murray, 169 U. PA. L. REV. 665 (2021)

Has the Time Come for Relief for Federal Convictions?

Gabriel Chin and David Schlussel, 33 Fed. Sent. Rept. 335 (2021)

Certifying Second Chances

Cara Suvall, 42 Cardozo L. Rev. __ (2021)

Expungement Reform in Arizona: The Empirical Case for a Clean Slate

Sonja B. Starr, 52 ARIZ. St. L.J. 1059 (2020)

America’s Paper Prisons: The Second Chance Gap

Colleen Chien, 119 Mich. L. Rev. 519 (2020)

Criminal Record Relief for Human Trafficking Survivors: Analysis of Current State Statutes and the Need for a Federal Model Statute

Ashleigh Pelto, 27 MICH. J. GENDER & L. 473 (2020)

Expungement Reform in Arizona: The Empirical Case for a Clean Slate

Sonja B. Starr, 52 Ariz. St. L.J. 1059 (2020).

Expungement of Criminal Convictions: An Empirical Study

J.J. Prescott & Sonja B. Starr, 133 Harv. L. Rev. 2460 (2020)

Expungement in Indiana: A Radical Experiment and How It Is Working So Far

Josh Gaines & Margaret Love, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 252 (2018)

Access-to-Justice Challenges for Expungement in Tennessee

Joy Radice, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 277 (2018)

Erasing the Mark of a Criminal Past: Ex-Offenders’ Expectations and Experiences with Record Clearance

Ericka B. Adams, Elsa Y. Chen & Rosella Chapman, Punishment & Society Volume 19, Number 1 (January 2017), p. 23-52

Unstitching Scarlet Letters? Prosecutorial Discretion and Expungement

Brian M. Murray, 86 Fordham L. Rev. (2017)

Expungement, Defamation and False Light: Is What Happened before What Really Happened or Is There a Chance for a Second Act in America?

Doris Del Tosto Brogan, 49 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 1 (2017)

More Justice and Less Harm: Reinventing Access to Criminal History Records

Alessandro Corda, 60 How. L.J. 1 (2017)

A New Era for Expungement Law Reform? Recent Developments at the State and Federal Levels

Brian Murray, 10 Harv. L. & Pol’y Rev. 361 (2016)

Ants Under the Refrigerator? Removing Expunged Cases from Commercial Background Checks

Sharon Dietrich, Criminal Justice (Winter 2016)

Expunging America’s Rap Sheet in the Information Age

Jenny Roberts, 2015 Wis. L. Rev. 321 (2015)

Excavating Expungement Law: A Comprehensive Approach

Anna Kessler, 87 Temp. L. Rev. 403 (2015) (comment)

Preventing Background Screeners from Reporting Expunged Criminal Cases

Sharon Dietrich, Shriver Center (April 2015) [registration required]

I Did My Time: The Transformation of Indiana’s Expungement Law

Joseph C. Dugan, 90 Ind. L.J. 1321 (2015)

Expungement of Criminal Records: “The Big Lie”

Margaret Colgate Love, The Crime Report (June 23, 2011)

Clean Slate: Expanding Expungements & Pardons for Non-Violent Federal Offenders

Lahny R. Silva, 79 U. Cin. L. Rev. 196 (2010)

Redemption in the Presence of Widespread Criminal Background Checks

A. Blumstein and K. Nakamura, Criminology 47, no. 2 (2009): 328-331

Starting Over With a Clean Slate: In Praise of a Forgotten Section of the Model Penal Code

Margaret Colgate Love, 30 Fordham Urb. L.J. 1705 (2003)

Criminal Procedure

Incorporating Collateral Consequences into Criminal Procedure

Paul T. Crane, 54 Wake Forest L. Rev. 1 (2019)

A Holistic Framework to Aid Responsible Plea-Bargaining By Prosecutors

Aditi Juneja, 11 N.Y.U. J.L. & Liberty 600 (2017)

Measuring the Creative Plea Bargain

Thea Johnson, 92 Ind. L. J. 901 (2017)

Dismissals as Justice

Anna Roberts, 69 Al. L. Rev. 327 (2017)

Prosecuting Collateral Consequences

Eisha Jain, 104 Geo. L. J. (2016)

Two Cultures of Punishment

Joshua Kleinfeld, 68 Stan. L. Rev. 933, 965-71 (2016)

Managing Collateral Consequences in the Sentencing Process: The Revised Sentencing Articles of the Model Penal Code

Margaret Love, 2015 Wis. L. Rev. 247 (2015)

Collateral Consequences and the Preventive State

Sandra Mayson, 91 Notre Dame L. Rev. 301 (2015)

Making Padilla Practical: Defense Counsel and Collateral Consequences at Guilty Plea

Gabriel J. Chin, 54 How. L.J. 675 (2011)

‘Collateral’ No More — The Practical Imperative for Holistic Defense in a Post-Padilla World…Or, How to Achieve Consistently Better Results for Clients

McGregor Smyth, 31 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 139 (2011)

Ignorance is Effectively Bliss: Collateral Consequences, Silence, and Misinformation in the Guilty Plea Process

Jenny Roberts, 95 Iowa L. Rev. 119 (2009)

Effective Assistance of Counsel and the Consequences of Guilty Pleas

Gabriel J. Chin & Richard W. Holmes, Jr., 87 Cornell L. Rev. 697 (2002)

Sex Offense Issues

Managing the Risk of Violent Recidivism: Lessons From Legal Responses to Sexual Offenses

Michael M. O’Hear, B.U. L. Rev., Forthcoming (2019)

Structuring Relief for Sex Offenders from Registration and Notification Requirements: Learning from Foreign Jurisdictions and from the Model Penal Code: Sentencing

Nora V. Demleitner, 30 Fed. Sent. Rept. 317 (2018)

Briefing the Supreme Court: Promoting Science or Myth?

Melissa Hamilton, 26 Emory L.J. Online 2021 (2017)

Sex Offender Registration and Notification

Wayne A. Logan, in Academy for Justice, A Report on Scholarship and Criminal Justice Reform, vol. 4 at 397 (Erik Luna ed., 2017)

Portmanteau Ascendant: Post-Release Regulations and Sex Offender Recidivism

J.J. Prescott, 48 Conn. L. Rev. 1035 (2016)

Database Infamia: Exit from the Sex Offender Registries

Wayne A. Logan, 2015 Wis. L. Rev. 119 (2015)

Sex Offender Registries Have Gone Too Far

Five-part series on sex offender registries published by, written by Matt Mellema, Chanakya Sethi and Jane Shim (2014)

Voting Rights

The Ballot as a Bulwark: The Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement on Recidivism

Guy Padraic Hamilton-Smith & Matt Vogel, Social Science Research Network (2011)

Over-Incarceration and Disenfranchisement

Murat C. Mungan, Public Choice, No. 3-4 (2017)

Democratic contraction? Political Consequences of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States

Christopher Uggen & Jeff Manz, 67 American Sociological Review 777 (2002)

The Voting Behavior of Young Disenfranchised Felons: Would They Vote if They Could?

Randi Hjalmarsson, Mark Lopez, 12 American Law and Economics Review 504 (2010)

The Violence of Voicelessness: The Impact of Felony Disenfranchisement on Recidivism

Guy Padraic Hamilton-Smith & Matt Vogel, 22 BERKELEY LA RAZA L.J. 407 (2012)

Shadow Citizens: Felony Disenfranchisement and the Criminalization of Debt

Ann Cammett, 117 PENN St. L. REV. 349 (2012)

Felon Disenfranchisement

Nora Demleitner, 49 U. MEM. L. REV. 1275 (2019)

Disenfranchisement and the Civic Reintegration of Convicted Felons

Christopher Uggen & Jeff Manz, 4, In Civil Penalties, Social Consequences (2005)

Misdemeanor Disenfranchisement? The Demobilizing Effects of Brief Jail Spells on Potential Voters

Ariel White, 113 American Political Science Review 311 (2019)

Prisoner Disenfranchisement Policy: A Threat to Democracy?

Mandeep K. Dhami, 5 Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy 1 (2005).

The Locked Ballot Box: The Impact of State Criminal Disenfranchisement Laws on African American Voting Behavior and Implications for Reform

Aman McLeod, Ismail K. White & Amelia R. Gavin, 11 VA. J. Soc. POL’y & L. 66 (2003)

The Shame of it All: Stigma and the Political Disenfranchisement of Formerly Convicted and Incarcerated Persons

Regina Austin, 36 COLUM. HUM. Rts. L. REV. 173 (2004)

Free But no Liberty: How Florida Contravenes the Voting Rights Act with Disenfranchisement of Felons

Caitlin Shay & Zachary Zarnow, 69 NAT’l LAW. GUILD REV. 1 (2012)

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  • “After Trump: The Future of the President’s Pardon Power” (7/4/2021) - This is the title of the new issue of the Federal Sentencing Reporter, which is now available online. As explained by the FSR editors in the issue’s introduction, FSR is continuing its tradition of exploring each president’s pardoning practices at the end of their term: This Issue of the Federal Sentencing Reporter shines a light on the state of clemency today, with [...]
  • New collection of research on sex offense registration (7/1/2021) - Cambridge University Press has just published a new book, edited by Professors Wayne A. Logan and J.J. Prescott, containing chapters from the nation’s leading social science researchers on the many important empirical questions surrounding sex offense registration and community notification (SORN).  Since SORN’s origin in the early 1990s, basic questions have existed regarding its effects, including whether it actually achieves [...]
  • “Tribal Pardons: A Comparative Study” (5/21/2021) - This is the title of a fascinating new working paper by Andrew Novak, Assistant Professor of Criminology, Law and Society at George Mason University, about a little-studied issue: collateral consequences of tribal convictions and how they are mitigated or avoided.  This is an important topic not currently addressed in our national resources on restoration of rights and record relief.  Here [...]
  • “Certifying Second Chances” (3/24/2021) - This is the title of a provocative new article by Cara Suvall, Assistant Clinical Professor of Law at Vanderbilt Law School, and Director of the Youth Opportunity Clinic.  The article, forthcoming in the Cardozo Law Review, catalogues and analyzes the costs and burdens that deter people from accessing certificates intended to enhance employment opportunities.  Professor Suvall focuses particular attention on [...]
  • Study measures gap between availability and delivery of “second chance” relief (3/19/2021) - Professor Colleen V. Chien of Santa Clara University has published a major empirical study in the Michigan Law Review that examines the gap between eligibility for and actual delivery of relief from contact with the criminal justice system, a construct she calls the “second chance gap.” (The term is defined with examples here.) Last week, Chien led a team of [...]
  • Study: Texas diversion provides dramatic benefits for people facing their first felony (2/23/2021) - Increased use of diversion is a key feature of America’s new age of criminal justice reform. Whether administered informally by prosecutors or under the auspices of courts, diversionary dispositions aim to resolve cases without a conviction—and in so doing, conserve scarce legal resources, provide supportive services, reduce recidivism, and provide defendants with a chance to avoid the lingering stigma of [...]
  • Online Criminal Records Impose ‘Digital Punishment’ on Millions (2/11/2021) - We are pleased to republish this excellent article by Andrea Cipriano, which describes a new study of online non-conviction records, with permission from The Crime Report. The study concludes that law enforcement records may remain freely available online indefinitely, notwithstanding state laws calling for automatic expungement of such records. (For more information on expungement of non-conviction records, see CCRC’s 50-state [...]
  • “Trump’s Theater of Pardoning” (12/6/2020) - The piece reprinted below is the first part of Bernadette Meyler’s contribution to a Symposium published by the Stanford Law Review on her book Theaters of Pardoning. It is as cogent a guide to understanding President Trump’s pardoning practices, and how they differ from those of his predecessors, as anything else we have seen. If, as Prof. Meyler argues, the message [...]
  • The Purgatory of Digital Punishment (8/17/2020) - It doesn’t matter whether they’re accurate—criminal records are all over the internet, where anyone can find them. And everyone does. By SARAH ESTHER LAGESON On a frozen December day in Minneapolis, William walked into a free legal aid seminar, to try to fix his criminal record. Lumbering toward a lawyer, his arms full of paperwork, William tried to explain his situation [...]
  • How to expand expungement: base it in retribution instead of rehabilitation (6/8/2020) - A thoughtful new article by Brian Murray recommends a new way of conceptualizing expungement that should make it easier for reformers to justify facilitating access to this record relief.  In “Retributive Expungement,” forthcoming in the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Murray argues that expungement should be seen as a way to end warranted punishment rather than to recognize and incentivize rehabilitation. [...]
  • Broken records: criminal history errors cost jobs and housing (12/20/2019) - Ariel Nelson of the National Consumer Law Center has authored an important new report, Broken Records Redux, which describes how errors by criminal background check companies harm consumers seeking jobs and housing.  In particular, the report shows how background screeners continue to include sealed and expunged records in criminal background check reports, omit disposition information, misclassify offenses, mismatch the subjects of [...]
  • Model law proposes automatic expungement of non-conviction records (12/11/2019) - An advisory group drawn from across the criminal justice system has completed work on a model law that recommends automatic expungement of most arrests and charges that do not result in conviction.  Margaret Love and David Schlussel of the Collateral Consequences Resource Center served as reporters for the model law.  It is available in PDF and HTML formats. “Many people may [...]
  • Algorithms, Race, and Reentry: A Review of Sandra G. Mayson’s Bias In, Bias Out (11/5/2019) - In true Minority Report fashion, state actors are increasingly relying on algorithms to assess the risk a person will commit a future crime.  Unlike Minority Report, these algorithms simply estimate the likelihood of rearrests; they do not offer the absolute answer to future criminal behavior that condemned the defendant, Tom Cruise, in the 2002 action film.  Still, criminal justice actors [...]
  • CCRC scholarship round-up – August 2019 (8/7/2019) - Editor’s note:  This past year has seen a burgeoning of scholarship dealing with collateral consequences broadly defined, from lawyers, social scientists, and philosophers.  CCRC’s good friend Alessandro Corda has selected fifteen notable articles published in 2018-19, with information, links, and abstracts.  They are organized into five categories: (1) Legal collateral consequences (2) Collateral consequences and criminal procedure (3) Sex offender registration [...]
  • Commercializing criminal records and the privatization of punishment (7/12/2019) - The deeply ingrained, indeed, constitutionally protected, U.S. tradition of the public trial and public records has led to a system where there are few restrictions on public access to criminal record information.  Europe, by contrast, is more willing to limit the press in service of important goals such as reintegration of people with convictions. Alessandro Corda and Sarah E. Lageson [...]