50-State Comparison
 Loss and Restoration of Civil Rights & Firearms Rights

Updated: May 2017

StateVoteJury ServicePublic OfficeFirearms Rights
AlabamaAny felony involving "moral turpitude," as defined with regard to specific offenses by Ala. Code. § 17-3-30.1; restored by administrative process or pardon. Ala. Const. art. VIII, § 177; Ala. Code § 15-22-36.1.Any felony involving "moral turpitude;" restored by pardon. Ala. Code §§ 12-16-60(a)(4); 15-22-36(c).Any felony involving "moral turpitude;" restored by pardon. . Ala. Code § 36-2-1;see Ala. Code § 15-22-36.1(a)(1), (3). Handgun rights lost upon conviction of "crime of violence;" restored by pardon. Ala. Code. §§ 13A-11-70(1), 13A-11-72; State ex rel. Sokira v. Burr, 580 So. 2d 1340, 1345 (Ala. 1991).
AlaskaAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Alaska Stat. §§ 09.20.020; 15.05.030(a); 33.30.241.Same as vote. Alaska Stat. §§ 09.20.020; 15.05.030(a); 33.30.241.Same as vote. Alaska Stat. §§ 09.20.020; 15.05.030(a); 33.30.241; e.g., Alaska Stat. §§ 15.25.030(10), 39.05.100. Concealable weapon rights lost for ten years for non-violent felonies; otherwise permanent, restored by pardon. Alaska Stat. §§ 11.61.200(a)(1),(b)(1).
ArizonaAny felony; restored for first offenders upon discharge, recidivists by set-aside or pardon. Ariz. Const. art. V, § 5, art. VII, § 2(C), Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 13-904(A)(1), 13-906, 13-908, 13-912, 16-101(A)(5). Same as vote. Ariz. Const. art. V, § 5, Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 13-904(A)(3), 13-906, 13-908, 13-912. Same as vote. Ariz. Const. art. V, § 5, Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 13-904(A)(2), 13-906, 13-908, 13-912. All firearms rights lost for felony conviction; restored by court on sliding timetable, or by pardon; dangerous offenses only by pardon. Ariz. Admin. Code § R5-4-101(6), Ariz. Rev. Stat. §§ 13-904(A)(5), 13-906.
ArkansasAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Ark. Const. art. III, §§ 1. Any felony; restored by pardon. Ark. Code Ann. § 16-31-102(a)(4).Any malfeasance in office; restored by expungement. Ark. Const. art. V, § 9; Ark. Code. Ann. §§ 16-93-301 et seq. All firearms rights lost for felony conviction; restored by expungement or pardon. Ark Code. Ann. § 5-73-103; see also Irvin v. State, 784 S.W.2d 763 (Ark. 1990).
CaliforniaAny felony if sentenced to a term in state/federal prison; restored upon completion of sentence, including parole. Cal. Const. art. II, § 4; Cal. Elec. § 2101. Those serving a community supervision sentence, or (effective Jan. 2017) a term in county jail may vote. Cal. Elec. § 2101.Any felony or malfeasance in office, restored by pardon, Certificate of Rehabilitation, or Penal Code section 1203.4 dismissal. Cal. Const. art. V, § 8(a); Cal. Civ. Proc. § 203(a)(5). Cal. Penal §§ 4800, 4812?"13. Any malfeasance in office, restored by pardon. Cal. Const. art. V, § 8(a); Cal. Civ. Proc. § 203(a)(5). Cal. Penal §§ 4800, 4812 - 13. All firearms rights lost for felony and misdemeanor involving use of firearm; restored by pardon expressly restoring firearm rights. Felony reduction pursuant to penal code section 17(b) may restore firearm rights in certain cases. Certain misdemeanor offenses, may result in loss for 10 years. Cal. Penal §§ 12021(a), 4852.17.
ColoradoAny felony if sentenced to imprisonment; restored upon discharge, including parole. Colo. Const. art. 7, § 10. Not lost.Any felony while incarcerated or on parole; restored upon completion of sentence. Col. Rev. Stat. § 18-1.3-401(3).All firearms rights for felony, restored by pardon. Col. Rev. Stat. § 18-12-108(1), (2).
ConnecticutAny felony if sentenced to imprisonment; restored upon discharge, including parole. Also lost while on probation for election law violation. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 9-46(a).Any felony; automatically restored 7 years after conviction (unless the individual still incarcerated). Conn. Gen. Stat. § 51-217(a)(2).Same as vote. Conn. Gen. Stat. § 9-46(a),Handgun rights for felony convictions and "serious juvenile offenses"; restored by pardon. Conn. Gen. Stat. §§ 29-28(b), 29-32; see also §§ 53a-217(a), 29-36f(b).
DelawareAny felony, misdemeanor election law offenses; restored upon expiration of sentence for most felonies and after 10 yrs for election law misdemeanors. Some felonies (e.g., murder, sex offenses) restored only by pardon. Del. Const. art. V, §§ 2,7, Del. Code Ann. tit. 15, §§ 1701, 6103-05. Any felony; restored by pardon. Del. Code Ann. tit. 10, § 4509(b)(6). Any "infamous crime" as determined by a court; cannot be automatically restored by pardon or otherwise. Del. Const. art. II, § 21, art. XV, § 6; see Del. Code. Ann. tit. 11, § 4364. All firearms rights for any felony and crimes of violence, drug offenses, and domestic violence crimes; restored only by pardon. Del. Code Ann. tit. 11, §§ 1448(a)(1), (3), (7); see also Del. Op. Att'y Gen. 03-IB04, 2003 WL 1088725 (Feb. 4, 2003). Bar for non-felonies lasts only five years. § 1448(d).
District of ColumbiaAny felony and certain misdemeanor election law violations while incarcerated; restored upon release D.C. Mun. Regs. tit. 3, § 500.3; D.C. Code §§ 1-1001.14, 1-1105.07. Any felony; can be restored one year after completion of sentence after certain certification procedures. D.C. Code. § 11-1906(b)(2)(B).Same as vote. D.C. Code § 1-204.02.All firearms rights for certain classes of sex offenders, crimes of violence, and weapons offenses; lost for five years for drug offenses or crimes involving threats of bodily harm. D.C. Code § 7-2502.03. Otherwise restored by pardon.
FloridaAny felony; restored by pardon or restoration of rights 5 years after discharge (7 years for serious offenses). Fla. Const. art. VI, § 4; Fla. Stat. ch. 944.292(1). Same as vote. Fla. Const. art. VI, § 4; Fla. Stat. ch. 944.292(1). Same as vote. Fla. Const. art. VI, § 4; Fla. Stat. ch. 944.292(1). All firearms rights for felony convictions; restored by pardon after 8-year eligibility waiting period. Fla. Stat. §§ 790.001(6), 790.23(1).
GeorgiaAny felony involving moral turpitude; restored upon completion of sentence. Ga. Const. art. II, § 1, para. III(a). Any felony involving moral turpitude; restored by pardon, or restoration 10 years after discharge. 1983 Ga. Op. Att'y Gen. 69 (No. 83-33), 1983 WL 41667 (May 27, 1983). Any felony involving moral turpitude; restored by pardon or by restoration of civil rights. Ga. Const. art. II, § 2, para. III. All firearms rights for felonies; first offenders may apply for a license 10 years after discharge, five years for deferred adjudication, otherwise by pardon. Ga. Code Ann. § 16-11-131(b)-(c).
HawaiiAny felony while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 831-2(a)(1).Any felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 612-4(b)(2).Any felony: restored by pardon. Haw. Rev. Stat § 831-5.All firearms rights for felonies, crimes involving drugs or violence; relief by pardon. Haw. Rev. Stat. § 134-7(a), (b), (d); cf. Haw. Op. Att'y. Gen. No. 81-12, 1981 WL 37235 (1981).
IdahoAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-310(1).Same as vote. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-310(1).Same as vote. Idaho Code Ann. § 18-310(1).rights lost only while under sentence except for violent crimes, which are restored by pardon 5 years after discharge. Idaho Code Ann. §§ 18-310(1)?(3), 18-3316(4).
IllinoisAny felony while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. Ill. Const. art. III, § 2. Not lost.Any felony; restored upon discharge for state-wide offices (except election fraud); by pardon for other offenses. Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. §§ 5/5-5-5(b).All firearms rights for felonies, some juvenile adjudications. 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. § 5/24-1.1(a). Restored by state police or by court, after 20 years in the case of violent offenses, or by pardon. 430 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 65/10.
IndianaAny "infamous crime" while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. Ind. Const. art. 2, § 8. Same as vote. Ind. Code § 33-28-5-18.Any felony; court may include 10-year ban for misdemeanor bribery or other misconduct; restored by pardon. Ind. Code § 3-8-1-5(c)(3), 35-50-5-1.1(a). Handgun rights lost for any felony conviction or domestic battery conviction; can be restored by state police 15 years after offense or by pardon. Ind. Code §§ 35-47-2-3(g)(1), 35-47-2-1(c), 35-47-4-7, 35-47-2-20.
IowaAny "infamous crime" (a crime punishable by imprisonment); restored by gubernatorial restoration of rights or pardon. Iowa Const. art II, § 5; see Iowa Code §§ 48A.30(d), 914.2. Not lost, but conviction may be basis for challenge. Iowa R. Civ. P. 1.915(6)(a), 2.18(5)(a). Same as vote. Iowa Const. art II, § 5; Iowa Code §§ 48A.30(d), 914.2. All firearms rights for any felony; restored by pardon or gubernatorial restoration of rights, or expungement after 5 years; no restoration for forcible felonies or firearms offenses. Iowa Code §§ 724.26, 724.8(4), 724.15(1)(b), § 724.27, 914.7.
KansasAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 21-6613(a), 21-6613(b). Same as vote. Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 21-6613(a), 21-6613(b). Same as vote. Kan. Stat. Ann. §§ 21-6613(a), 21-6613(b). All firearms rights for a "person felony" or drug offense involving weapon; 5-yr or 10-yr restrictions for other person felonies; 10-yr restriction for other felonies involving firearm. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 21-6304(a).
KentuckyAny felony; restored by pardon or restoration of rights. Ky. Const. § 145(1); Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 27A.070. Misdemeanants while in prison. Ky. Const. § 145(2).Any felony; restored by pardon or gubernatorial restoration of rights. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 29A.080(2)(e).Any felony; restored by executive order to some non-violent offenders after sentence; otherwise by pardon or gubernatorial restoration of rights. Ky. Const. § 150.All firearms rights for felonies after 1994 (handguns only for convictions between 1975 and 1994); restored by pardon. Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 527.040(1); Posey v. Commonwealth, 185 S.W.3d 170, 181 (Ky. 2006).
LouisianaAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. La. Const. art. I, §§ 10, 20. Any felony; loss is permanent. La. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. 401(A)(5); State v. Haynes, 514 So. 2d 1206 (La. App. 2d Cir. 1987).Eligibility for elective office not lost. See Shepherd v. Schedler, No. 2015-CA-1750 (La. 2015). Automatic removal for felony in office. La. R.S. § 42:1411.All firearms rights for any crime of violence, felony drug offense, or sex offense; restored by pardon, or automatically 10 years after discharge. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 14:95.1(c). Concealed handguns separately regulated. La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 40:1379.3(C)(10).
MaineNot lost.Not lost.Not lost.All firearms rights lost for any felony; restored by pardon. Black powder gun 5 yrs after discharge. Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 15, § 393(1), (2).
MarylandAny felony, only while incarcerated (except for vote fraud, which requires a pardon). Md. Code Ann., Election Law § 3-102(b). Any conviction with a prison sentence exceeding six months; restored by pardon. Md. Code Ann., Courts and Judicial Proceedings § 8-103(b)(4), (c).Ineligible if convicted while in office; eligibility regained when restored to the franchise. Md. Const. art. I, § 12. All firearms rights for any felony or violent crime, or serious misdemeanor; restored by pardon. Md. Code Ann., Criminal Law § 5-622; Public Safety § 5-133; 01(c), (g), 5-133(b)(1), (2).
MassachusettsAny felony only while incarcerated. Mass. Const. Amend. art. 3.Any felony, restored 7 yrs after discharge; misdemeanors while incarcerated. Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 234A, § 4(7). Forfeiture of office if imprisoned while in office, otherwise not lost. Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 279, § 30. All firearms rights for felony or serious misdemeanor; long gun rights restored after 5 yrs except for drugs or violence (pardon). Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 140, §§ 131(d)(i), 129B(1).
MichiganAny felony or misdemeanor only while incarcerated. Mich. Comp. Laws § 168.758b.Permanent disqualification unless conviction is pardoned or expunged. Mich. Comp. Laws § 600.1307a(1)(e).Loss for offenses involving public corruption, restoration varies upon offense, bribery loss permanent. See, e.g., Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.118. All firearms rights lost for felony for 3 years; violent or drug offenders must wait 5 years. Earlier restoration by pardon or expungement. Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.224f(1).
MinnesotaAny felony; restored upon discharge. Minn. Const. art. VII, § 1; Minn. Stat. § 609.165, subd. 1. Same as vote. Minn. Const. art. VII, § 1; Minn. Stat. § 609.165, subd. 1. Same as vote. Minn. Const. art. VII, § 1; Minn. Stat. § 609.165, subd. 1. All firearms rights lost for felony, restored upon discharge. Crimes involving drugs or violence must apply to court or for pardon. See Minn. Stat. §§ 609.165, subd. 1, 624.712, subd. 5.
MississippiAny state crime listed in constitution; restored by pardon. Miss. Const. art. 12, § 241, art. 5, § 124. "Infamous crimes" defined as any crime punishable by death or imprisonment; restored five years after conviction. Miss. Code Ann. §§ 13-5-1; 1-3-19.Lost for certain specified felonies (bribery, burglary, theft, arson etc.); restored only by pardon. Miss. Const. art. 12, § 241, art. 5, § 124. All firearms rights lost for any felony conviction; restored by pardon or by petition to court. Miss. Code Ann. § 97-37-5(1),
MissouriAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 115.133.2.Any felony; restored only by pardon. Mo. Rev. Stat. § 561.026(3); id. § 494.425(4).Any felony or conviction of misconduct in office; restored upon completion of sentence. Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 115.133.2, 561.021.2; 561.021.3. All firearms rights (excluding antique weapons) for any felony; restored by pardon, Mo. Rev. Stat. § 571.070.1(1), or by expungement. § 610.140.
MontanaAny felony while actually incarcerated. Mont. Const. art. IV, § 2.Any felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Mont. Code Ann. §§ 3-15-303(2), 46-18-801(2). Any felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Mont. Const. art. IV, § 4. All firearms rights if conviction involves dangerous weapon; restored by pardon or petition to court. Mont. Code Ann. §§ 45-8-313(1), 45-8-314(2)(a).
NebraskaAny felony; restored automatically 2 yrs after discharge. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-112.Any felony; restored automatically after discharge for non-prison sentence, otherwise after hearing by Board of Pardons. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-112. Same as jury. Neb. Rev. Stat. § 29-112.All firearms rights lost for felony conviction, restored by pardon. Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 28-1206(1)-(2), 83-1,130(2).
NevadaAny felony; non-serious first offenders regain upon discharge; others must seek restoration from convicting court or by pardon. Nev. Const. art. 2, § 1; id. art. 15, § 3; Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 6.010, 213.155, 213.157, 176A.850. Any felony; non-serious first offenders regain 6 yrs after discharge. Nev. Const. art. 2, § 1; id. art. 15, § 3; Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 6.010, 213.155, 213.157, 176A.850. Any felony; non-serious first offenders regain 4 yrs after discharge. Nev. Const. art. 2, § 1; id. art. 15, § 3; Nev. Rev. Stat. §§ 6.010, 213.155, 213.157, 176A.850. All firearms rights lost for any felony; restored by sentencing court, the Board of Parole Commissioners, or Board of Pardons. Nev. Rev. Stat. § 202.360(1)(a).
New HampshireAny felony if actually incarcerated; restored upon release. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 607-A:2(I).Any felony which has not been annulled or which is not eligible for annulment. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 500-A:7-a(V).Any felony; restored upon completion of sentence. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 607-A:2(I).All firearms rights lost for felonies "against the person or property of another" or involving drugs; restored by judicial annulment for nonviolent offenses, otherwise by pardon. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 159:3; 4:23, 651:5.
New JerseyLost for any crime that is not a petty offense; restored upon discharge. N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 2C:51-3, 19:4-1(8). If imposed by court for violation of election law, restored by pardon. Id. §§ 19:4-1(6), (7). Lost for any crime that is not a petty offense; restored only by pardon. N.J. Stat. Ann. § 2B:20-1(e).Office forfeited upon conviction of serious crime; permanent disqualification if offense involves office. N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 2C:51-2(a), 2C:51-2(d). All firearms rights for specified violent crimes, handguns for felonies or domestic violence offenses; restored by gubernatorial restoration or pardon. N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 2C:39-7; 2A:167-5.
New MexicoAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. N.M. Const. art. VII, § 1; N.M. Stat. Ann. § 31-13-1(A). Any felony; restored upon completion of sentence. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 38-5-1,Any felony; restored by pardon. N.M. Const. art. VII, § 2; N.M. Stat. Ann § 31-13-1(E). All firearms rights for any felony conviction for ten years after completion of sentence; restored by pardon. N.M. Stat. Ann. § 30-7-16(A).
New YorkAny felony if sentenced to a term of actual imprisonment; restored upon discharge, including parole. See N.Y. Elec. Law § 5-106(2). Any felony; restored by governor's pardon. N.Y. Jud. Law § 510(3).Forfeiture and disqualification depends upon offense and office. N.Y. Pub. Off. Law § 30(1)(e); Op. Att'y Gen. 83-60 (1983).All firearms rights lost for any felony or "serious offense;" restored by pardon or Certificate of Good Conduct. N.Y. Penal Law §§ 400.00(1)(c), 265.01(4).
North CarolinaAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. N.C. Const. art. VI, §§ 2(3), 13-1. Same as vote. N.C. Gen. Stat. §§ 9-3, 13-1.Same as vote. N.C. Const. art. VI, §§ 8, 13-1. All firearms rights lost for most felonies; restored by court for non-violent first offenders after 20 yrs, or by pardon. N.C. Gen. Stat. § 14-415.1.
North DakotaAny felony while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. N.D. Cent. Code §§ 12.1-33-01, 12.1-33-03(1). Same as vote, except for certain offenses. N.D. Cent. Code §§ 12.1-33-01, 12.1-33-03(1); see § 27-09.1-08(2)(e). Same as vote. N.D. Cent. Code §§ 12.1-33-01, 12.1-33-03(1). All firearms rights lost for 10 yrs. for violent felonies, 5 yrs. for other felonies and serious misdemeanors. Earlier restoration from court after discharge; otherwise by pardon. N.D. Cent. Code § 62.1-02-01(1)(a), (b); § 62.1-02-01.1.
OhioAny felony while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. Ohio Rev. Code § 2961.01(A).Any felony, restored upon completion of sentence. Ohio Rev. Code § 2961.01(A). Same as jury, except disqualification may be 7 yrs or permanent where offense involves official misconduct. Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2961.01(A), 2921.43(E). Firearms rights lost only for felony crimes of violence and drug offenses; restored by court upon application after completion of sentence. See Ohio Rev. Code §§ 2923.13(A)(2)-(3), 2923.14.
OklahomaAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. 26 Okla. Stat. Ann. § 4-101(1).Any felony; restored by pardon. 38 Okla. Stat. Ann.§ 28(C)(5).For any felony and misdemeanors involving embezzlement; restored 15 years after discharge or pardon. 26 Okla. Stat. Ann. § 5-105a(A), (B). Concealed weapons rights for felony offenses; restoration for non-violent convictions by full pardon. 21 Okla. Stat. Ann. §§ 1283(A), 1283(B), amended by 2012 Okla. Sess. Laws ch. 259, § 9 (S.B. 1733) (effective Nov. 1, 2012).
OregonAny felony while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 137.281(1), (3). Same as vote. Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 137.281(1), (3). Same as vote. Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 137.281(1), (3). All firearms rights lost for any felony; restored 15 years after discharge for first offenses except those involving homicide or weapons; otherwise by pardon, expungement or judicial restoration one year after completion of sentence. Or. Rev. Stat. §§ 166.270(4)(a), 166.274.
PennsylvaniaAny offense while actually incarcerated. 25 Pa. Cons. Stat. §§ 2602(w), 3146.1; United States v. Essig, 10 F.3d 968 (3d Cir. 1993); 1974 Pa. Op. Att'y Gen. No. 47 (Sept. 11, 1974). Any crime punishable by more than one year; restored only by pardon. 42 Pa. Cons. Stat. § 4502(a)(3).Any felony; restored by pardon. Pa. Const. art. II, § 7.Firearms rights lost for specified felony offenses (usually involving violence), drug crimes, and three or more DUIs within 5 yrs, domestic violence, and other specified offenses; restoration from court 10 years after discharge. See 18 Pa. Cons. Stat. §§ 6105(a) ?(d).
Puerto RicoAny felony; restored upon discharge. P.R. Const. art. II, § 12; 1960 P.R. Op. Sec'y Justice No. 33.Same as vote. P.R. Const. art. II, § 12; 1960 P.R. Op. Sec'y Justice No. 33.Same as vote. P.R. Const. art. II, § 12; 1960 P.R. Op. Sec'y Justice No. 33.All firearms rights lost for any felony conviction; restored by executive pardon or judicial expungement. P.R. Const. art. IV, § 4; P.R. Laws Ann. tit. 25, § 456j, tit. 34, § 1725a-1 et seq.
Rhode IslandAny felony while actually incarcerated; restored upon release. R.I. Const. art. II, § 1.Any felony; restored upon completion of sentence. R.I. Gen. Laws § 9-9-1.1(c).Any felony or misdemeanor resulting in six months' jail; restored 3 yrs after discharge or by pardon. R.I. Const. art. III, § 2, art. IX, § 13; R.I. Gen. Laws § 13-10-1. Firearms rights lost for "crime of violence"; restoration to felony domestic violence after two years, otherwise by pardon. R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-47-5(a)?(c).
South CarolinaAny felony or violation of election laws, misdemeanor if sentenced to prison; restored upon completion of sentence. S.C. Code Ann. §§ 7-5-120(B)(2), (B)(3). Any felony; restored by pardon. S.C. Code Ann. §§ 14-7-810(1), 24-21-920. Any felony or violation of election laws, misdemeanants sentenced to prison; restored upon discharge. S.C. Const.. art. XVII, § 1; S.C. Code Ann. § 7-5-12(B)(3). Restoration after embezzlement of public funds by 2/3 vote of the General Assembly. § 16-13-210. Handgun rights lost upon conviction for a "crime of violence" (including serious drug trafficking); restored by pardon. S.C. Code Ann. § 16-23-30(B); see § 16-23-10(c), Brunson v. Stewart, 547 S.E.2d 504 (S.C. Ct. App. 2001).
South DakotaAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. See S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-27-35.Any felony if sentenced to incarceration, including a suspended prison sentence; restored upon discharge. See S.D. Codified Laws §§ 16-13-10, 23A-27-35.By statute, same as jury; by constitution, same as vote. See S.D. Const. art. 3, § 3; S.D. Codified Laws § 23A-27-35. All firearms rights lost for any "crime of violence" and certain drug felonies; restored after 15 years with no further such convictions, or by pardon. S.D. Codified Laws § 22-14-15 (amended by 2005 S.D. Sess. Laws 120); see also § 22-1-2(9) (defining crime of violence).
TennesseeAny felony; restored upon discharge except for serious violence or voter fraud. Tenn. Const. art. I, § 5; Tenn. Code. Ann. §§ 40-20-112, 40-29-202(a), 203(a), 40-29-204. Any felony; restored by application to the court. Tenn. Code Ann § 22-1-102.Any felony; restored by application to the court. Tenn. Code Ann. § 40-20-114. Felony and some misdemeanors forfeit handguns; violent or drug offenses forfeit all firearms rights. See Tenn. Code. Ann. §§ 39-17-1307(b)?(c). Restoration by court except violent or drug crimes. § 40-29-105; State v. Johnson, 79 S.W.3d 522, 528 (Tenn. 2002). Expungement (which may be based on pardon) restores rights, even for drug and violent crimes. § 40-32-101(g)(15).
TexasAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence. Tex. Const. art. 6, § 1; Tex. Elec. Code Ann. § 11.002. Any felony; restoration by pardon, gubernatorial restoration of rights for federal and out-of-state first offenders. Tex. Gov't Code Ann. § 62.102(7); Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. § 48.05(a). Bribery and other specified offenses; restored by pardon, or restoration of rights for federal and out-of-state first offenders. Tex. Const. art. 16, § 5; Tex. Gov't Code Ann. §§ 87.031, 252.063, 406.018; Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. art. § 48.05(a). All firearms rights for any felony conviction; restored 5 years after completion of sentence only for the premises in which the individual lives. Tex. Penal Code § 46.04(a). Otherwise restored by pardon.
UtahAny felony and election-related misdemeanors while incarcerated. See Utah Code Ann. §§ 20A-2-101(2)(b), 20A-2-101.3(2); 20A-2-101.5(2)(a), (c). Any felony; restored by expungement. Utah Code Ann § 78B-1-105(2).Any felony; restored by expungement or 10 yrs after discharge. Utah Code Ann. §§ 20A-2-101.5(3), 77-5-1, 77-6-1. All firearms rights for any felony; restored by expungement (except violent offenses) or pardon. Utah Code Ann. §§ 76-10-503(1), (2).
VermontNot lost. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 28, § 807.Any felony; restored only by pardon. Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 12, § 64; see Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 4, § 962(a)(5). Not lost. 3 Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 28, § 807.No firearms rights lost under state law, but court may prohibit possession of firearms as a condition of probation. See State v. Kasper, 566 A.2d 982, 984 (Vt. 1989).
Virgin IslandsAny crime involving prison sentence of more than 1 yr; restored by pardon. V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, §§ 91, 471(1). Same as vote. V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, §§ 91, 471(1). Same as vote. V.I. Code Ann. tit. 14, §§ 91, 471(1). Felony offenders ineligible for firearms license; restored by pardon. V.I. Code Ann. tit. 23,§ 456a(a)(1)
VirginiaAny felony; restored upon completion of sentence by action of the governor. See Va. Const. art. II, § 1, art. V, § 12; Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-338 (2). Same as vote. Va. Const. art. II, § 1, art. V, § 12; Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-338 (2). Same as vote. Va. Const. art. II, § 1, art. V, § 12; Va. Code Ann. § 8.01-338 (2). Firearms rights for felonies and certain juvenile adjudications; restored by court order (if other rights restored) or pardon. Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-308.2. Concealed handguns separately regulated. See Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-308.9.
Washington Any felony; provisionally restored when no longer in custody; permanently upon discharge by court or executive restoration. Wash. Rev. Code § 29A.04.079,§ 9.92.066, 94A.637, 9.96.020. State v. Collins, 124 P. 903 (Wa. 1912). Any felony; restored upon discharge by court or executive restoration. Wash. Rev. Code § 2.36.070(5), 9.94A.637(5), 9.94A.885(2). Same as jury. Wash. Rev. Code §§ 9.94A.637(5), 9.94A.885(2), 42.04.020. All firearms rights for violent, drug or sex offenses; restored by pardon, or by court order after waiting period based on a finding of rehabilitation. Wash. Rev. Code §§ 9.41.040(1)(a), (2)(a)(i), (4) 941.070(1)(a), 9.
West VirginiaAny felony or bribery in an election; restored upon discharge. W. Va. Const. art. IV, § 1; see Osborne v. Kanawha County Court, 68 W. Va. 189, see 55 Op. W. Va. Att'y Gen. 3 (1972). Any felony or bribery in an election; restored only by pardon. W. Va. Const. art 7, § 11; W. Va. Code §§ 6-5-5, 52-1-8(b); U.S. v. Morrell, 61 F.3d 279 (4th Cir. 1995). Any felony or bribery in an election; restored upon completion of sentence for felony, pardon only for bribery of state official. W. Va. Code §§ 6-5-5, 52-1-8(b); see 55 Op. W. Va. Att'y Gen. 3 (1972); 51 Op. Att'y Gen. 182 (1965). All firearms rights for felonies and misdemeanor domestic violence; restored by court except for felonies involving violence, drugs, or sexual offense, which must be pardoned or expunged. See W. Va. Code § 61-7-7(a)(1), (a)(8), (c).
WisconsinAny felony or bribery; restored upon completion of sentence. Wis. Stat § 304.078 (3).Same as vote. Wis. Stat § 304.078 (3).Any felony or bribery; restored by pardon. Wis. Const. art. XIII, § 3; Wis. Stat. §§ 111.335(cg), (cs); 941.29(1)(a)-(b),(5).All firearms rights upon conviction of felony; restored by pardon. Wis. Stat. § 941.29(1)(a)-(b), (2), (5).
WyomingAny felony; restored by pardon or gubernatorial restoration of rights. Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 6-10-106(a), 1-11-102, 7-13-105(a). Effective 1/1/16, non-violent first offenders restored to vote automatically upon expiration of sentence. § 7-13-105(b). Same as vote (ex. for non-violent first offenders). Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 6-10-106(a), 1-11-102, 7-13-105(a). Same as vote (ex. for non-violent first offenders). Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 6-10-106(a), 1-11-102, 7-13-105(a). All firearms rights for crimes involving drugs or violence; restored through pardon. See Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 6-8-102, 6-1-104(a)(xii). Handgun rights lost for misdemeanors involving violence (3 yrs) or drugs (1 yr); restored through expungement. Id. at § 6-8-104(c).