50-State Comparison
 Pardoning Practices

Frequent and Regular (grants more than 30% of applications) (13)

Alabama
Arkansas
California*
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Idaho
Nebraska
Nevada
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
South Dakota 

Sparing (process regular, grants small percentage of applications) (8)

Florida
Hawaii
Indiana
Minnesota
Texas 
Virginia
Washington
Wyoming

Infrequent/Uneven (pardoning depends on incumbent governor) (8)

Illinois
Iowa

Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
New Mexico
Ohio
Wisconsin

Infrequent or Rare (few/no pardons in past 20 years)(23) 

Alaska
Arizona
Colorado
District of Columbia 
Federal system 
Kansas
Kentucky
Massachusetts
Michigan 
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Oregon
Rhode Island
Tennessee
Utah
Vermont
West Virginia


*California makes the “Frequent and Regular” list because of the atypical number of pardons granted by the incumbent governor Jerry Brown and the regularity of the pardon process, even though only a small percentage of those who apply are granted.