50-State Comparison
 Pardoning Practices

Frequent and Regular (grants more than 30% of applications) (15)

Alabama
Arkansas
California*
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Idaho
Illinois*
Iowa
Nebraska
Nevada
Oklahoma
Pennsylvania
South Carolina
South Dakota 

Sparing (process regular, grants small percentage of applications) (9)

Florida
Hawaii
Indiana
Maryland 
Minnesota
Texas 
Virginia
Washington
Wyoming

Infrequent/Uneven (pardoning depends on incumbent governor) (5)

Louisiana
Maine
New Mexico
Ohio
Wisconsin

Infrequent or Rare (few/no pardons in past 20 years)(23) 

Alaska
Arizona
Colorado
District of Columbia 
Federal system 
Kansas
Kentucky
Massachusetts
Michigan** 
Mississippi
Missouri Montana
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York**
North Carolina
North Dakota
Oregon
Rhode Island
Tennessee
Utah
Vermont
West Virginia


*Illinois makes the “Frequent and Regular” list because of the atypical number of pardons granted by the incumbent governor and the regularity of the pardon process. California makes it because of a resumption of regular pardoning by its current governor, even though only a small percentage of those who apply are granted. 

** Michigan and New York make the “Infrequent or Rare” list despite some interest in pardoning by one recent governor